Understanding Community-Based REDD+ A Manual for Indigenous Community Trainers
In December, after years of negotiations, an agreement on REDD was finally reached at the 16th Conference of Parties (COP 16) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Cancun, Mexico. The agreement includes references to indigenous peoples and their rights, and in paragraph 72 of the agreement, country Parties are requested to ensure “the full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders, i nter alia, indigenous peoples and local communities” when developing and implementing their national strategies or action plans on REDD.
But what does “full and effective participation” mean? This question is the main motivation for writing this manual.
To ensure no t just “participation”, but community control and empowerment, REDD+ projects should be planned, designed and implemented in such a way that they fully comply with the safeguards referred to in the UNFCCC agreement on REDD, as well as the provisions of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. We have chosen to call projects with such an approach “Community-based REDD+”.
While the first community guide in our manual series, “What is REDD?”, aims to help indigenous communities to understand what REDD+ is and what its implications may be for them more generally, this manual looks at REDD+ at the project level. The purpose of this manual is to provide guidance to indigenous trainers to prepare and conduct trainings on Community-based REDD+. These trainings should help communities acquire the knowledge and skills needed to take a decision on whether to join a REDD+ project, and if they do, to be able to fully and effectively participate in it.
This trainers’ manual is accompanied by a separate manual prepared for participants attending a training on Community-based REDD+, and for indigenous communities who want to learn about CB REDD+ on their own.
Both are being translated into several Asian and other languages, in order to make them more accessible and useful to indigenous communities and trainers in the region.
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