Publications

National Security Laws and Measures: the Impacts on Indigenous Peoples

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The implementation of national security laws, measures, programs and policies results to serious and adverse impacts to the respect for and protection of the individual and collective rights of indigenous peoples as enshrined in various international human rights instruments, national constitutions and laws. After the U.S. government passed its Patriot Act in October 2001, most governments, including Bangladesh, India, the Philippines and Thailand, declared support to the US “War on Terror” and enacted more anti-terror laws or so-called “national security measures.” With these draconian laws, the experiences of indigenous peoples in these countries demonstrate a worsening trend of human rights ...

Victims of development aggression: Indigenous Peoples in ASEAN

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Two-thirds of the approximate 370 million self-identified indigenous peoples are found in Asia, enriching the region’s enormous cultural and linguistic diversity. They have strong cultural attachment to the land, forests and waters and their livelihood depends on the natural resources therein. They have their own distinct languages, cultures, customary laws and social and political institutions that are very different from those of the dominant ethno-linguistic groups in their countries. While there is no “definition” of indigenous peoples, the ILO Convention 169 provides criteria for their protection under international law, referring to their self-identification, indigenous peoples’ traditional life styles; their culture ...

Recognition of Indigenous Peoples’ Customary Land Rights in Asia

cla

In Asia, various legal instruments have been used to recognize indigenous peoples within the legal framework of State. States have recognized indigenous peoples through constitutional provision, special laws, and court decisions and/or through ratification or adoption of international instruments. However, legal recognition by states does not always guarantee the full range and enjoyment by indigenous peoples of their individual and collective rights as provided in international instruments such as the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous peoples in Asia have developed their particular customary land use and tenure systems through time, which have existed since time immemorial ...

The Indigenous Women’s Roles and Contributions in the Sustainable Management of Healthy Forests

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Indigenous Women, Traditional Livelihoods and Food Security Indigenous Peoples’ territories are home to 80% of the World’s biodiversity and cover up to 22% of the world’s land surface More than 100 million indigenous peoples in Asia depend on forests and other natural resources for their livelihoods, cultural practices and overall wellbeing. Indigenous women are the repository of indigenous knowledge on seeds, crop varieties, medicinal plants, culturally important trees, wild crops and harvesting seasons. Indigenous women are the key actors in shifting cultivation/rotational agriculture and contribute to the food security and wellbeing of millions of people. Indigenous women deeply value, and sustainably ...

Indigenous Peoples Human Rights Defenders Field Handbook on Human Rights Documentation and Advocacy

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This Handbook provides comprehensive step-by-step instructions on how to document human rights violations, particularly indigenous peoples’ collective rights, and use the data gathered for advocacy. The concern for documentation or conducting fact-finding activities related to human rights violations has intensified due to the increasing cases of human rights violations and aggression committed against indigenous peoples, individually and/or as a community. These violations range from the violations of individual rights and collective rights, such as harassment/ intimidation to extrajudicial killings, from vilification of individuals to forced relocation of communities. Seeking redress to these violations to entails the presentation of complete, credible, ...

Shifting cultivation, livelihood and food security: New and old challenges for indigenous peoples in Asia

Shifting cultivation, livelihood and food security. New and old

The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 13 September 2007. Since then, the importance of the role that indigenous peoples play in economic, social and environmental conservation through traditional sustainable agricultural practices has been gradually recognized. Consistent with the mandate to eradicate hunger, poverty and malnutrition – and based on the due respect for universal human rights – in August 2010 the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations adopted a policy on indigenous and tribal peoples in order to ensure the relevance of its efforts to respect, ...

Traditional Knowledge of Indigenous Peoples: Why Should it be at the heart of discussion on Early Warning Systems and Agriculture?

Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) would like to provide the following recommendations to the 42nd session of the SBSTA: Recognize, protect, document and promote the rich traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples relating to disasters and weather forecasting Build the capacity of indigenous peoples to understand and use appropriate modern technology and tools relating to early warning systems Guarantee the access of indigenous peoples to appropriate disaster risk reductions tools and techniques Integrate the traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples with appropriate modern techniques, tools and innovations by taking into account the specific circumstances and conditions of indigenous peoples while developing early ...

Research on the Roles and Contributions of Indigenous Women in Sustainable Resource Management in Asia: Case Studies from India, Nepal and Vietnam

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Across the different case studies, common and general recommendations in relation to the roles and contributions of indigenous women in sustainable forest management can be drawn. Moreover, the research has identified case-specific recommendations for each country. –It is vital to raise awareness that indigenous peoples’ lives depend on their right to land and access to forests, and that their livelihood practices are environmentally sound and sustainable. In particular, the traditional knowledge and the essential roles of indigenous women in sustainable resource management processes, the maintenance and promotion of biodiversity as well as in the transmission of knowledge and culture need ...

Briefing Paper: Recognition of Indigenous Peoples’ Customary Land Rights in Asia

cla

In Asia, various legal instruments have been used to recognize indigenous peoples within the legal framework of State. States have recognized indigenous peoples through constitutional provision, special laws, and court decisions and/or through ratification or adoption of international instruments. However, legal recognition by states does not always guarantee the full range and enjoyment by indigenous peoples of their individual and collective rights as provided in international instruments such as the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous peoples in Asia have developed their particular customary land use and tenure systems through time, which have existed since time immemorial ...

Shed No More Blood: North East India Indigenous Peoples Human Rights Challenges

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Indigenous peoples in Northeast India are confronted with extra constitutional regulations like the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (1958), special legal concessions for extractive industries to exploit natural resources, which are increasingly threatening indigenous communities, their lives and livelihoods, their social cohesion and community, and ultimately their identity. Such legal mechanisms and proposed plans range from land redistributive reforms in Manipur, the establishment of the Special Development Zone in Nagaland, increasing cases of resource conflicts between indigenous people and immigrants in Assam, the condoned encroachment into indigenous peoples’ lands and resources by settler communities in Tripura, to the grand development ...