Publications

Briefing Paper: Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change Adaptation in Asia

It is estimated that there are 350-400 million indigenous peoples in the world; two-thirds of them live in Asia1. However, it is difficult to give an accurate total number of the population of indigenous peoples because many are not recognized and reflected in national censuses in Asia. Indigenous peoples are some of the most impoverished, marginalized and vulnerable peoples in the world and are also the most affected by climate change impacts and its uncertainties. In general, most of the indigenous peoples inhabit marginal and fragile ecosystems, such as tropical and temperate forest zones, low-lying coastlines, high mountainous areas, flood ...

What is REDD? A Guide for Indigenous Communities (3rd Edition)

Global efforts are currently underway to protect and restore forests as part of global initiatives to address and mitigate climate change. These efforts are formally referred to as REDD plus – (REDD+, or Reduced Emissions from Deforestation, forest Degradation, conservation, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries) and are considered by many as a historic opportunity for forest conservation. Critics point at the complexity of REDD+ and its inherent difficulties, predicting it to fail. Others, however, already consider REDD a “remarkable achievement” since the idea of REDD has been taken “to the point where ...

[LATEST INFO POSTER] UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on Self-Determination

“Until our right to self- determination is recognized, the struggle will not end. Even if it means the sacrifice of our lives to achieve freedom, so be it!” – Rafael Markus Bangit, Cordillera martyr (Victim of extrajudicial killings in the Philippines in 2006) Indigenous peoples have the right to self-determination, which means that they freely decide their political status, and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development. This right to freely determine its political status includes the right to define its mode of associating with an existing state, and the right to self-government of peoples to govern themselves without ...

Hydropower Development and Right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) of Indigenous Peoples – Case Studies from Nepal and Northeast India

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AIPP, with local partner organizations, conducted studies on Mapithel (Thoubal Multipurpose) Dam Project in Manipur, Northeast India and Likhu-4 Hydropower Project in Nepal in 2008 and 2010 respectively in order to examine the impacts of these projects on local indigenous peoples. Reports of the two case studies describe religious and socio-cultural, economic, linguistic and ecological aspects of the effects from the projects on local Tangkhul and Koits indigenous communities, mainly in relation to their right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent. Click here to read the full report of Nepal case study. Click here to read the full report of ...

VIOLENCE, CUSTOMARY LAW AND INDIGENOUS WOMEN’S RIGHTS IN ASIA

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It is now widely recognized that the majority of the world’s indigenous peoples live in Asia, and that Asia therefore also holds the world’s most diverse indigenous population. Collated rough country level estimates for South, Southeast and East Asia lead us to conclude that indigenous peoples may number as many as, or even more than, 260 million people. Comprised of hundreds of ethnic groups with their own distinct languages, cultures, social organizations and livelihood systems, Asia’s indigenous peoples are harbouring a large share of the world’s cultural diversity. The particular religion, culture, livelihood system and social organization of a people ...

Drivers of Deforestation? Facts to be considered regarding the impactof shifting cultivation in Asia

An estimated 260 million indigenous peoples live in Asia. Most of them inhabit forested uplandswhere a large number of them practice shifting cultivation, which is also called as swidden cultivationor rotational farming. For them, shifting cultivation is not merely a technique of farming; it is theirway of life. Government policies and laws have attempted to limit or outright ban shifting cultivationsince it is considered a primitive and destructive form of land use. Recently, several governments of theregion involved in REDD have identified shifting cultivation as a driver of deforestation in their REDDReadiness-Plan Idea Note (R-PIN) and Readiness Preparation Proposals (RPP).

Customary Law in Forest Resources Use and Management – A Case Study among the Dzao and Thai People in North-West Vietnam

Vietnam is home to 53 ethnic minority groups who mostly live in the forested uplands. Numbering over twelve million people, they highly depend on forests for their livelihood and development. But the pressures on these forests are ever increasing, posing a serious threat to the lives and stability of millions of people. Since the early 1990s, Vietnam has attempted to address deforestation by decentralizing forest management. Under the forest land allocation programme long-term use rights over forest land are provided to individual households and communities. However, while the programme has been successful in improving forest conservation, the benefits of the ...

Additional Guidance on REDD+ Safeguards Information Systems

The briefing paper on “Additional Guidance on REDD+ Safeguards Information Systems” prepared for the 36th Session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice during UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Bonn, 14-25 May 2012 looks into what was agreed in Durban, South Africa and explains why additional guidance would be useful. Further, the paper provides a proposal to inform negotiations in Doha, Qatar. The paper is produced by REDD+ Safeguards Information System Working Group – AIPP is a member of the group.

Divers Paths to Justice – Legal pluralism and the rights of indigenous peoples in Southeast Asia

Marcus Colchester & Sophie Chao (Eds) with Ramy Bulan, Jennifer Corpuz, Amity Doolittle, Devasish Roy, Myrna Safitri, Gam Shimray and Prasert Trakansuphakon   Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP), Forest Peoples Programme (FPP), RECOFTC – The Center for People and Forests & Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI)   26 November, 2011 The forests of Southeast Asia are home to many tens of millions of people whose rights to their lands and forests are only weakly secured in national constitutions and laws. Yet many of them have dwelt in these areas since before the nation states in which they now find themselves ...

[LATEST PUBLICATION] Understanding Community Based-REDD+ A Manual for Indigenous Communities

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Introduction In December 2010, after years of negotiations, an agreement on REDD was finally reached at the 16th Conference of Parties (COP 16) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Cancun, Mexico. Indigenous representatives worked hard to get the rights and concerns of indigeno us peoples included in the agreement and they were successful. The references to indigenous peoples and their rights in this agreement are not as strong as they would have liked them to be, but at least they were included. And the agreement also refers of the UNDRIP, even though only in the Annex. If ...