Hydropower Development and Right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) of Indigenous Peoples – Case Studies from Nepal and Northeast India


AIPP, with local partner organizations, conducted studies on Mapithel (Thoubal Multipurpose) Dam Project in Manipur, Northeast India and Likhu-4 Hydropower Project in Nepal in 2008 and 2010 respectively in order to examine the impacts of these projects on local indigenous peoples. Reports of the two case studies describe religious and socio-cultural, economic, linguistic and ecological aspects of the effects from the projects on local Tangkhul and Koits indigenous communities, mainly in relation to their right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent. Click here to read the full report of Nepal case study. Click here to read the full report of ...



It is now widely recognized that the majority of the world’s indigenous peoples live in Asia, and that Asia therefore also holds the world’s most diverse indigenous population. Collated rough country level estimates for South, Southeast and East Asia lead us to conclude that indigenous peoples may number as many as, or even more than, 260 million people. Comprised of hundreds of ethnic groups with their own distinct languages, cultures, social organizations and livelihood systems, Asia’s indigenous peoples are harbouring a large share of the world’s cultural diversity. The particular religion, culture, livelihood system and social organization of a people ...

Drivers of Deforestation? Facts to be considered regarding the impactof shifting cultivation in Asia

An estimated 260 million indigenous peoples live in Asia. Most of them inhabit forested uplandswhere a large number of them practice shifting cultivation, which is also called as swidden cultivationor rotational farming. For them, shifting cultivation is not merely a technique of farming; it is theirway of life. Government policies and laws have attempted to limit or outright ban shifting cultivationsince it is considered a primitive and destructive form of land use. Recently, several governments of theregion involved in REDD have identified shifting cultivation as a driver of deforestation in their REDDReadiness-Plan Idea Note (R-PIN) and Readiness Preparation Proposals (RPP).

Customary Law in Forest Resources Use and Management – A Case Study among the Dzao and Thai People in North-West Vietnam

Vietnam is home to 53 ethnic minority groups who mostly live in the forested uplands. Numbering over twelve million people, they highly depend on forests for their livelihood and development. But the pressures on these forests are ever increasing, posing a serious threat to the lives and stability of millions of people. Since the early 1990s, Vietnam has attempted to address deforestation by decentralizing forest management. Under the forest land allocation programme long-term use rights over forest land are provided to individual households and communities. However, while the programme has been successful in improving forest conservation, the benefits of the ...

Additional Guidance on REDD+ Safeguards Information Systems

The briefing paper on “Additional Guidance on REDD+ Safeguards Information Systems” prepared for the 36th Session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice during UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Bonn, 14-25 May 2012 looks into what was agreed in Durban, South Africa and explains why additional guidance would be useful. Further, the paper provides a proposal to inform negotiations in Doha, Qatar. The paper is produced by REDD+ Safeguards Information System Working Group – AIPP is a member of the group.

Divers Paths to Justice – Legal pluralism and the rights of indigenous peoples in Southeast Asia

Marcus Colchester & Sophie Chao (Eds) with Ramy Bulan, Jennifer Corpuz, Amity Doolittle, Devasish Roy, Myrna Safitri, Gam Shimray and Prasert Trakansuphakon   Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP), Forest Peoples Programme (FPP), RECOFTC – The Center for People and Forests & Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI)   26 November, 2011 The forests of Southeast Asia are home to many tens of millions of people whose rights to their lands and forests are only weakly secured in national constitutions and laws. Yet many of them have dwelt in these areas since before the nation states in which they now find themselves ...

[LATEST PUBLICATION] Understanding Community Based-REDD+ A Manual for Indigenous Communities


Introduction In December 2010, after years of negotiations, an agreement on REDD was finally reached at the 16th Conference of Parties (COP 16) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Cancun, Mexico. Indigenous representatives worked hard to get the rights and concerns of indigeno us peoples included in the agreement and they were successful. The references to indigenous peoples and their rights in this agreement are not as strong as they would have liked them to be, but at least they were included. And the agreement also refers of the UNDRIP, even though only in the Annex. If ...

Understanding Community-Based REDD+ A Manual for Indigenous Community Trainers


In December 2010, after years of negotiations, an agreement on REDD was finally reached at the 16th Conference of Parties (COP 16) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Cancun, Mexico. The agreement includes references to indigenous peoples and their rights, and in paragraph 72 of the agreement, country Parties are requested to ensure “the full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders, i nter alia, indigenous peoples and local communities” when developing and implementing their national strategies or action plans on REDD. But what does “full and effective participation” mean? This question is the main motivation for writing ...

UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on Cultural Rights


“Culture is essential to indigenous identity. Indigenous cultures are based on the concepts of respect for others, self-humility and mutual support for one another. The dignity of all peoples and maintenance of cultural integrity are the principles that bind communities together and ensure harmonious relationships.” – Excerpts from “Asia Indigenous Peoples’ Perspective on Development” The AIPP info poster titled “UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples on Cultural Rights” simplifies the rights of indigenous communities in regards to their distinct cultures, including spiritual and religious traditions and customs, languages, writing systems, histories, philosophies and literatures, cultural heritage, traditional knowledge ...

Info Poster on UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) on Rights to Land, Territories and Resources


“The land and territories we are living in is a natural blessing from our creator and a legacy for our future generations. And no matter how good the rehabilitation and resettlement programme is, it will never be able to replace the blessings we have received from our land.” – Mapithel Dam affected Naga villager, Northeast India Indigenous peoples have distinct spiritual relationship with their traditional lands, territories, waters and other resources and they have the right to maintain and strengthen that relationship. This latest AIPP info poster simplifies the related articles of the UN Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous ...