Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights

Indigenous Peoples and ASEAN Integration


The ASEAN Community aimed to be achieved by end 2015 has already has been declared established as of 22 November 2015 by ASEAN Leaders at their 27th Summit in Kuala Lumpur. Its roadmap for the next ten years is called “ASEAN 2025: Forging Ahead Together”. ASEAN 2025 promises that the human rights, fundamental freedoms, and dignity of its peoples, and social justice will be promoted and protected, among a long list of promises. It also promises “greater prosperity through increased economic opportunities, enhanced regional connectivity, ease of intra-ASEAN travel and doing business as well as a resilient regional economy”. Unfortunately, ...

Report calls on aluminium industry to respect indigenous peoples’ rights


Geneva, Switzerland, 16 November 2015 – While global demand for the world’s most popular metal – aluminium – continues to rise, it is critical that the aluminium industry address its environmental and social impacts, particularly in indigenous peoples’ territories, according to new report published today by Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP), Forest Peoples Programme (FFP) and International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). With many of the world’s bauxite mines, and the rivers used to generate power for its processing, located in or near indigenous peoples’ territories, the aluminium industry needs to ensure the rights of indigenous peoples are respected ...

Indigenous Peoples Major Group Position Paper on Proposed SDG Indicators


Elaborated by AIPP, CADPI, IITC & Tebtebba The global goals and targets for sustainable development have been adopted but indicators are still being formulated. Indicators define what will be measured, and thus how the goals and targets will be implemented. In this position paper Indigenous peoples point at some of their most central concerns on indicators, implementation and monitoring of the 2030 development agenda. This Paper is elaborated by Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact, Centro para la Autonomía y Desarollo de los Pueblos Indígenas,International Indian Treaty Council and Tebtebba Foundation, with the support of Danish Institute for Human Rights, Forest Peoples Programme ...

Studies on Indigenous Peoples in Cambodia Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and Lao PDR


The studies provide brief histories, profiles and current situations of indigenous peoples in Cambodia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia and Lao PDR. These include: their population; geographical location; economic, social and cultural systems; customary institutions; customary institutions; natural resources management system; their current legal status; and laws, policies, programs and mechanisms applicable to them. These studies were produced with the generous support of the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) and published by Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP). Click on the links below to download each country study ASEAN Study: VIETNAM ASEAN Study: PHILIPPINES ASEAN Study: MALAYSIA ASEAN Study: LAOS ASEAN ...

National Security Laws and Measures: the Impacts on Indigenous Peoples


The implementation of national security laws, measures, programs and policies results to serious and adverse impacts to the respect for and protection of the individual and collective rights of indigenous peoples as enshrined in various international human rights instruments, national constitutions and laws. After the U.S. government passed its Patriot Act in October 2001, most governments, including Bangladesh, India, the Philippines and Thailand, declared support to the US “War on Terror” and enacted more anti-terror laws or so-called “national security measures.” With these draconian laws, the experiences of indigenous peoples in these countries demonstrate a worsening trend of human rights ...

Victims of development aggression: Indigenous Peoples in ASEAN


Two-thirds of the approximate 370 million self-identified indigenous peoples are found in Asia, enriching the region’s enormous cultural and linguistic diversity. They have strong cultural attachment to the land, forests and waters and their livelihood depends on the natural resources therein. They have their own distinct languages, cultures, customary laws and social and political institutions that are very different from those of the dominant ethno-linguistic groups in their countries. While there is no “definition” of indigenous peoples, the ILO Convention 169 provides criteria for their protection under international law, referring to their self-identification, indigenous peoples’ traditional life styles; their culture ...

Briefing Paper: Recognition of Indigenous Peoples’ Customary Land Rights in Asia


In Asia, various legal instruments have been used to recognize indigenous peoples within the legal framework of State. States have recognized indigenous peoples through constitutional provision, special laws, and court decisions and/or through ratification or adoption of international instruments. However, legal recognition by states does not always guarantee the full range and enjoyment by indigenous peoples of their individual and collective rights as provided in international instruments such as the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous peoples in Asia have developed their particular customary land use and tenure systems through time, which have existed since time immemorial ...

Shed No More Blood: North East India Indigenous Peoples Human Rights Challenges


Indigenous peoples in Northeast India are confronted with extra constitutional regulations like the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (1958), special legal concessions for extractive industries to exploit natural resources, which are increasingly threatening indigenous communities, their lives and livelihoods, their social cohesion and community, and ultimately their identity. Such legal mechanisms and proposed plans range from land redistributive reforms in Manipur, the establishment of the Special Development Zone in Nagaland, increasing cases of resource conflicts between indigenous people and immigrants in Assam, the condoned encroachment into indigenous peoples’ lands and resources by settler communities in Tripura, to the grand development ...

Briefing Paper on the Rights of Indigenous Women to their Lands, Territories and Resources in Asia


This briefing paper by Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) highlights some of the key and common challenges faced by indigenous women in Southeast Asia in relation to their collective rights to land, territories and resources, such as a) continuing loss of lands, territories and resources due to the establishment of conservation areas, commercial exploitation, land grabbing, forced eviction and displacement from ancestral lands, b) the non-implementation of constitutional, legislative and policy provisions concerning indigenous women’s rights as well as c) political repression, militarization, persecution and extra judicial killings of indigenous land rights activists. Click Here to download the publication

Briefing Paper: The Impacts of Land Dispossession on Indigenous Women


This briefing paper highlights the specific conditions of indigenous women, who comprise a major segment of indigenous communities where development projects are being implemented in India, Indonesia, and Cambodia. In the midst of restiveness against corporate take-over of their lands, territories and resources, the indigenous peoples, particularly indigenous women, are grappling with the consequences of their resistance and finding means to forward the advocacy of the recognition and protection of their rights and welfare. The oft-repeated phrase “Land is life” never rang truer or louder than today among indigenous women, who have traditionally been bearers and keepers of seeds and ...