Briefing Papers

Delivering on the Paris Promises: Combating Climate Change while Protecting Rights

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The negotiations of the Paris Rule Book are critical to ensuring that the promises made in the Paris Agreement will be met – including the commitment of governments to respect, protect and take into consideration existing human rights obligations. To enhance the likelihood that the Paris Agreement is effectively implemented, when developing the Paris Rule Book, parties should fully integrate human rights and the social and environmental principles reaffirmed in the preamble, including the rights of indigenous peoples, public participation, gender equality, safeguarding food security and ending hunger, a just transition, and ecosystem integrity. As described in this briefing paper, ...

Indigenous Peoples and ASEAN Integration

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The ASEAN Community aimed to be achieved by end 2015 has already has been declared established as of 22 November 2015 by ASEAN Leaders at their 27th Summit in Kuala Lumpur. Its roadmap for the next ten years is called “ASEAN 2025: Forging Ahead Together”. ASEAN 2025 promises that the human rights, fundamental freedoms, and dignity of its peoples, and social justice will be promoted and protected, among a long list of promises. It also promises “greater prosperity through increased economic opportunities, enhanced regional connectivity, ease of intra-ASEAN travel and doing business as well as a resilient regional economy”. Unfortunately, ...

Report calls on aluminium industry to respect indigenous peoples’ rights

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Geneva, Switzerland, 16 November 2015 – While global demand for the world’s most popular metal – aluminium – continues to rise, it is critical that the aluminium industry address its environmental and social impacts, particularly in indigenous peoples’ territories, according to new report published today by Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP), Forest Peoples Programme (FFP) and International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). With many of the world’s bauxite mines, and the rivers used to generate power for its processing, located in or near indigenous peoples’ territories, the aluminium industry needs to ensure the rights of indigenous peoples are respected ...

Indigenous Peoples Major Group Position Paper on Proposed SDG Indicators

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Elaborated by AIPP, CADPI, IITC & Tebtebba The global goals and targets for sustainable development have been adopted but indicators are still being formulated. Indicators define what will be measured, and thus how the goals and targets will be implemented. In this position paper Indigenous peoples point at some of their most central concerns on indicators, implementation and monitoring of the 2030 development agenda. This Paper is elaborated by Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact, Centro para la Autonomía y Desarollo de los Pueblos Indígenas,International Indian Treaty Council and Tebtebba Foundation, with the support of Danish Institute for Human Rights, Forest Peoples Programme ...

Local Actions: Solutions to Global Challenges

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Initiatives of Indigenous Peoples in Climate Changes Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction Based on Traditional Knowledge This publication encapsulates the views and perception of indigenous peoples in Asia on the impacts of climate change, their vulnerabilities and responding mitigation policy measures based on the assessment of a three-year MISEREOR funded project, titled “Building Resiliency of Indigenous Communities on Climate Change Adaptation.” This paper also conveys the vast knowledge of indigenous peoples on ecology, adaptation and disaster risk reduction and the affordable and practical measures that they have developed. Indigenous peoples’ contributions which are time-tested, sound and significant are illustrated here. ...

Studies on Indigenous Peoples in Cambodia Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and Lao PDR

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The studies provide brief histories, profiles and current situations of indigenous peoples in Cambodia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia and Lao PDR. These include: their population; geographical location; economic, social and cultural systems; customary institutions; customary institutions; natural resources management system; their current legal status; and laws, policies, programs and mechanisms applicable to them. These studies were produced with the generous support of the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) and published by Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP). Click on the links below to download each country study ASEAN Study: VIETNAM ASEAN Study: PHILIPPINES ASEAN Study: MALAYSIA ASEAN Study: LAOS ASEAN ...

National Security Laws and Measures: the Impacts on Indigenous Peoples

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The implementation of national security laws, measures, programs and policies results to serious and adverse impacts to the respect for and protection of the individual and collective rights of indigenous peoples as enshrined in various international human rights instruments, national constitutions and laws. After the U.S. government passed its Patriot Act in October 2001, most governments, including Bangladesh, India, the Philippines and Thailand, declared support to the US “War on Terror” and enacted more anti-terror laws or so-called “national security measures.” With these draconian laws, the experiences of indigenous peoples in these countries demonstrate a worsening trend of human rights ...

Victims of development aggression: Indigenous Peoples in ASEAN

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Two-thirds of the approximate 370 million self-identified indigenous peoples are found in Asia, enriching the region’s enormous cultural and linguistic diversity. They have strong cultural attachment to the land, forests and waters and their livelihood depends on the natural resources therein. They have their own distinct languages, cultures, customary laws and social and political institutions that are very different from those of the dominant ethno-linguistic groups in their countries. While there is no “definition” of indigenous peoples, the ILO Convention 169 provides criteria for their protection under international law, referring to their self-identification, indigenous peoples’ traditional life styles; their culture ...

Traditional Knowledge of Indigenous Peoples: Why Should it be at the heart of discussion on Early Warning Systems and Agriculture?

Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) would like to provide the following recommendations to the 42nd session of the SBSTA: Recognize, protect, document and promote the rich traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples relating to disasters and weather forecasting Build the capacity of indigenous peoples to understand and use appropriate modern technology and tools relating to early warning systems Guarantee the access of indigenous peoples to appropriate disaster risk reductions tools and techniques Integrate the traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples with appropriate modern techniques, tools and innovations by taking into account the specific circumstances and conditions of indigenous peoples while developing early ...

Briefing Paper: Recognition of Indigenous Peoples’ Customary Land Rights in Asia

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In Asia, various legal instruments have been used to recognize indigenous peoples within the legal framework of State. States have recognized indigenous peoples through constitutional provision, special laws, and court decisions and/or through ratification or adoption of international instruments. However, legal recognition by states does not always guarantee the full range and enjoyment by indigenous peoples of their individual and collective rights as provided in international instruments such as the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous peoples in Asia have developed their particular customary land use and tenure systems through time, which have existed since time immemorial ...