Fourth Regional Workshop of the CMLN

Co-management of Protected Areas with Indigenous Peoples in South-East Asia 
—  Chiang Mai, Thailand, 7-11 July 2008 —

Learning by doing in co-management/ shared governance  
 
The Co-Management Learning Network in South-East Asia (CMNL) has been working since 2005 to strengthen the capacities of key actors in a number of protected areas (PA) sites in South East Asia.  The initiative spans seven countries: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam and in each country a site has been selected where co-management of a protected area is on-going or evolving, and concerned indigenous peoples are specifically engaged. The key actors from each selected CM site include PA managers, representatives of Indigenous Peoples and local communities, staff of non-governmental organizations, policy makers, local administrators and others.  Throughout the CMNL initiative, these people have met in regional workshops, shared their experience and supported one another towards setting up and nourishing shared governance settings in their sites.  Technical support during the training has been provided by the Theme of Governance, Equity and Rights (TGER) of the IUCN Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP).
  
The workshop of July 2008 in Chiang Mai (Thailand) focuses on the third, crucial phase of co-management/ shared goverance, when negotiated agreements are put in place, monitored and evaluated and the parties learn and put in practice their learning.  Ideally, co-management is always “adaptive management” and shared governance is always “adaptive governance”.  This means that, rather than merely implementing decisions in a mechanical way, managers follow what they do, monitor their results, evaluate them, identify lessons learned and needed changes, incorporate those in their activities… and keep on doing this as they porceed, making sure that learning is accompanying everything they do.  This is wat is meant with “adaptive management”.  Similarly, when the governance institutions and their workings are followed and monitored, lessons are learned and recommendations for change identified and applied, one can speak of “adaptive governance”.  Usually “adaptive governance” is more difficult to practice than “adaptive management”, as governance institutions may need to apply lessons – and needed changes – to themselves.  Nevertheless, adaptive governance is not new (every parliament needs soon or later to experiment with that) and can be effectively coupled with adaptive management processes.  
 
The workshop of July 2008 aims at: 
     strengthening the shared governance capacities of CMLN members via direct exchanges, discussions of concrete experiences, formal training sessions, group work, field visit and field-based participatory exercises;
     identifying, discussing and testing some methods, tools and indicators for participatory monitoring, evaluation and learning for adaptive management and adaptive governance, with particular relevance to the case of Indigenous Peoples in the CMNL sites;
     contributing to identify further needs to strengthen co-management/ shared governance capacities among the sites and develop together ideas and recommendations for a second phase of the CMLN.
 

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