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Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact

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Course Launching on Indigenous Peoples’ Self-government and Democracy

October 29, 2021 @ 7:00 pm - 9:00 pm BMT

At the heart of Indigenous Peoples’ struggle is the recovery of their right to self-determination because it underpins the enjoyment of all other rights in our context. The capture of our lands and taking over of our right to self-government by outsiders have caused immense destruction and tragedy and have destabilized our societies.

Our social and political institutions, by and large, are predicated on the values and principles of establishing a consensual political order. Such values and principles found expression in our tradition of consensus decision-making system that respects diverse opinions in a community. Pursuing these values and principles, our social objectives were aimed at achieving bonding and unity through reciprocal relationship and reconciliatory approach to conflicts in our justice systems.

We are colonized peoples. It makes little difference whether we were forced to live in countries created and ruled by the descendants of settler colonialists from overseas, or like in Asia, in countries created after the colonizers had left and that are now ruled by the elites of the dominant society. What all Indigenous Peoples have in common is the experience of discrimination, dispossession, and disempowerment that follows colonization.

Many of our communities have been forcefully relocated, our lands have been taken away, forests have been destroyed, mountains mined, valleys dammed and flooded. Children are forced into schools where none of our languages are spoken, none of our knowledge and values are taught. And we are all forced to live under governments that are not our own, in which we can hardly participate, and on which we have no influence.

Even in our own communities, we have lost control over our lives and destinies. Our own forms of self-government, leadership and decision making are not recognized, and have been replaced by village leaders, councils and committees who may have been appointed by the government or whom we were forced to elect in ways alien to our culture, creating confusion and divisions, and fostering elitism and corruption.

The loss of self-government in our communities accelerates social disintegration, alienates us from our roots, it robs us of our capacity to collectively identify and address our problems and needs, to envision a better future and find the path that can lead us there.

In the international arena, the adoption of ILO Convention 169 was the beginning of recognizing the unique history and situation of Indigenous Peoples focusing on our security and cultural integrity. Further, by adopting the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), states recognized Indigenous Peoples’ unique characteristics and distinct worldviews, and our right to self- determination. However, our unique characteristics and systems of governance, that sprang from intimate association with our lands, are not yet part of the architecture of the states in Asia.

For the duration of the indigenous rights movement in the post-colonial period, civic spaces and governance structures at national and international levels have excluded our institutions and practices and ways of knowing and being. In essence, the state structure and civic space has always been closed to Indigeneity, and current regional and country-level developments further risk marginalizing us at a time when states are rapidly shifting towards authoritarianism and autocracy in Asia.

Recognizing the right to self-determination entails democratization and strengthening of democracy in Asia. This could provide an opportunity for the state to revisit its institutional architecture for accommodating and protecting our autonomy and right to self-determination that is based on self- governance of Indigenous Peoples.

In other regions, for example in Latin America, United States, Canada and New Zealand etc, the discourse on right to self-determination of Indigenous Peoples has opened new frontiers and understanding, creating the opportunity to re-examine institutional designs of the state and the challenges to contemporary democratic practice and pluralism. What is important in this is also that by examining the underlying worldviews, values and principles upon which indigenous political systems and customary laws are predicated, new insights for addressing both the challenges of institutions and shrinking civic space could emerge.

This also places Indigenous Peoples in a new context with its own challenges that requires urgent attention and build our capacity to face the scenario that has emerged. Not only are Indigenous Peoples struggling and reclaiming their right to self-determination, but several Indigenous Peoples are currently involved in peace negotiations for different forms of self-determination or for the implementation of negotiated agreements on autonomy.

It is in this context that Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) is launching its first Regional Course on Indigenous Peoples’ Self-government and Democracy from 27 October 2021 to 14 November 2021, to engage in reflective conversation and build the capacity of indigenous leaders, scholars and organizations in Asia[1].

Statement of Goal and Objectives

Indigenous Peoples have their own unique governance systems. However, these indigenous governance systems are slowly diminishing in practice and acceptance in many indigenous societies in Asia.

There are two reasons for this state of affairs; one, the inherent nature of the pluralist modern state to undermine the validity and efficacy of the customary laws, indigenous social systems, and indigenous society. And two, Indigenous Peoples themselves, especially their leaders, who have tended to accept the ‘superiority’ of ‘modern’ knowledge systems, and who have given higher regard and value to the doctrines and values of the dominant religions, of which they are now followers.

Nevertheless, there is a very strong desire and movement to revive Indigenous Peoples’ sovereignty and with it, its knowledge systems–in order to reclaim, and recover, the strong system of indigenous governance that once prevailed in indigenous societies.

To successfully do this, Indigenous Peoples from the grassroot level to the country and regional levels, need to be re-trained, even re-educated, so that through the decolonization of the mainstream governance system, the Indigenous Peoples’ self-governance is given its rightful and needed place.

This course on Indigenous Peoples’ Self-government and Democracy is aimed at filling the void, created by the loss of indigenous sovereignty, for those wanting to revive and recover Indigenous Peoples’ governance systems. It is also aimed, through critical reflection, at identifying and recognizing the importance of the core values governing and organizing indigenous societies. Inspiring creativity and finding ways to re-install their values would be the first step towards achieving an alternative (Indigenous Peoples) way of governing.

Overall objective of the regional course

To prepare a pool of indigenous leaders who are schooled in the knowledge and practice of indigenous governance systems, such that the nucleus for a regional movement for indigenous sovereignty, self- determination and democratization can be consolidated and advanced in Asia.

Specific Objectives

  • To catalyze and build capacities of indigenous leaders and scholars on Indigenous Peoples’ epistemology, values, and governance systems through the conduct of the course on Indigenous Peoples’ Self-government and Democracy at the regional and country level.
  • To build regional and country level movements on self-determination and self-government across Indigenous Peoples and communities in Malaysia, Nepal, India, and Bangladesh and initiate a coalition of civil society platform for self-determination and democratization.
  • To form a pool of indigenous leaders and scholars from the course participants to reinforce indigenous leadership and bolster the capacity building and mobilization on self-determination and democracy at the local and country level.

The regional team of Indigenousexperts, researchers, resource persons who have been engaged in this field for decades will facilitate the sessions during the regional training course.

The target of the course is for the 14countries of AIPP, and this pilot phase will cover Malaysia, Nepal, India and Bangladesh (2021).

Participation in the event will be open to the public and will include speakers from grassroots organisations, government representatives, international organisations, and many more. If you are interested in participating, please contact us through: For any enquiries write to: ,

Click here for registration!

Click here to download the details information booklet

[1] The target of the course is for the 14 countries of AIPP, and this pilot phase will cover Malaysia, Nepal, India and Bangladesh (2021).


October 29, 2021
7:00 pm - 9:00 pm BMT
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Virtual Event


Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP)
International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA)
Diplomacy Training Programme (DTP)