AIPP’s Latest Publications

Indigenous Peoples Major Group Position Paper on Proposed SDG Indicators

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Elaborated by AIPP, CADPI, IITC & Tebtebba The global goals and targets for sustainable development have been adopted but indicators are still being formulated. Indicators define what will be measured, and thus how the goals and targets will be implemented. In this position paper Indigenous peoples point at some of their most central concerns on indicators, implementation and monitoring of the 2030 development agenda. This Paper is elaborated by Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact, Centro para la Autonomía y Desarollo de los Pueblos Indígenas,International Indian Treaty Council and Tebtebba Foundation, with the support of Danish Institute for Human Rights, Forest Peoples Programme ...

Our Lifeways, Our Survival [New Comic Book]

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Our lifeways, Our Survival: Indigenous Peoples Rights to Land, Territories and Resources For indigenous peoples, lands, territories and resources are fundamental to their existence not only because these are the bases for their livelihoods but also because these are related to their culture, identity, traditional knowledge, customary laws and spiritual beliefs. This relationship has existed since time immemorial. Because of the interdependent relationship between indigenous peoples and their natural surroundings, indigenous peoples developed ways of life and customary practices of land and resource uses that are environmentally friendly and sustainable. This is proven by the fact that 80% of the ...

Local Actions: Solutions to Global Challenges

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Initiatives of Indigenous Peoples in Climate Changes Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction Based on Traditional Knowledge This publication encapsulates the views and perception of indigenous peoples in Asia on the impacts of climate change, their vulnerabilities and responding mitigation policy measures based on the assessment of a three-year MISEREOR funded project, titled “Building Resiliency of Indigenous Communities on Climate Change Adaptation.” This paper also conveys the vast knowledge of indigenous peoples on ecology, adaptation and disaster risk reduction and the affordable and practical measures that they have developed. Indigenous peoples’ contributions which are time-tested, sound and significant are illustrated here. ...

Studies on Indigenous Peoples in Cambodia Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and Lao PDR

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The studies provide brief histories, profiles and current situations of indigenous peoples in Cambodia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia and Lao PDR. These include: their population; geographical location; economic, social and cultural systems; customary institutions; customary institutions; natural resources management system; their current legal status; and laws, policies, programs and mechanisms applicable to them. These studies were produced with the generous support of the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) and published by Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP). Click on the links below to download each country study ASEAN Study: VIETNAM ASEAN Study: PHILIPPINES ASEAN Study: MALAYSIA ASEAN Study: LAOS ASEAN ...

National Security Laws and Measures: the Impacts on Indigenous Peoples

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The implementation of national security laws, measures, programs and policies results to serious and adverse impacts to the respect for and protection of the individual and collective rights of indigenous peoples as enshrined in various international human rights instruments, national constitutions and laws. After the U.S. government passed its Patriot Act in October 2001, most governments, including Bangladesh, India, the Philippines and Thailand, declared support to the US “War on Terror” and enacted more anti-terror laws or so-called “national security measures.” With these draconian laws, the experiences of indigenous peoples in these countries demonstrate a worsening trend of human rights ...

Victims of development aggression: Indigenous Peoples in ASEAN

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Two-thirds of the approximate 370 million self-identified indigenous peoples are found in Asia, enriching the region’s enormous cultural and linguistic diversity. They have strong cultural attachment to the land, forests and waters and their livelihood depends on the natural resources therein. They have their own distinct languages, cultures, customary laws and social and political institutions that are very different from those of the dominant ethno-linguistic groups in their countries. While there is no “definition” of indigenous peoples, the ILO Convention 169 provides criteria for their protection under international law, referring to their self-identification, indigenous peoples’ traditional life styles; their culture ...

Recognition of Indigenous Peoples’ Customary Land Rights in Asia

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In Asia, various legal instruments have been used to recognize indigenous peoples within the legal framework of State. States have recognized indigenous peoples through constitutional provision, special laws, and court decisions and/or through ratification or adoption of international instruments. However, legal recognition by states does not always guarantee the full range and enjoyment by indigenous peoples of their individual and collective rights as provided in international instruments such as the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous peoples in Asia have developed their particular customary land use and tenure systems through time, which have existed since time immemorial ...

The Indigenous Women’s Roles and Contributions in the Sustainable Management of Healthy Forests

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Indigenous Women, Traditional Livelihoods and Food Security Indigenous Peoples’ territories are home to 80% of the World’s biodiversity and cover up to 22% of the world’s land surface More than 100 million indigenous peoples in Asia depend on forests and other natural resources for their livelihoods, cultural practices and overall wellbeing. Indigenous women are the repository of indigenous knowledge on seeds, crop varieties, medicinal plants, culturally important trees, wild crops and harvesting seasons. Indigenous women are the key actors in shifting cultivation/rotational agriculture and contribute to the food security and wellbeing of millions of people. Indigenous women deeply value, and sustainably ...

Indigenous Peoples Human Rights Defenders Field Handbook on Human Rights Documentation and Advocacy

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This Handbook provides comprehensive step-by-step instructions on how to document human rights violations, particularly indigenous peoples’ collective rights, and use the data gathered for advocacy. The concern for documentation or conducting fact-finding activities related to human rights violations has intensified due to the increasing cases of human rights violations and aggression committed against indigenous peoples, individually and/or as a community. These violations range from the violations of individual rights and collective rights, such as harassment/ intimidation to extrajudicial killings, from vilification of individuals to forced relocation of communities. Seeking redress to these violations to entails the presentation of complete, credible, ...

Shifting cultivation, livelihood and food security: New and old challenges for indigenous peoples in Asia

Shifting cultivation, livelihood and food security. New and old

The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 13 September 2007. Since then, the importance of the role that indigenous peoples play in economic, social and environmental conservation through traditional sustainable agricultural practices has been gradually recognized. Consistent with the mandate to eradicate hunger, poverty and malnutrition – and based on the due respect for universal human rights – in August 2010 the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations adopted a policy on indigenous and tribal peoples in order to ensure the relevance of its efforts to respect, ...