Case Studies

Private: Achievements and Challenges in Strengthening the Indigenous Peoples Human Rights Defenders Network in Asia

The Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact [AIPP] wishes to acknowledge and thank all those who were involved in the evaluation of Project EIDHR/2011/266456 which was funded by the European Union’s European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights [EIDHR]. AIPP deeply appreciates the dedicated cooperation and facilitation made by LAHURNIP in Nepal and the ICSO and CIYA in Cambodia, which made possible all the interactions of the evaluation team with the IPHRDs, their communities and the AIPP members. This evaluation would not have been successfully accomplished without them. To Vanda Altarelli, AIPP wishes to thank her for the concise and frank assessment ...

Indigenous Peoples’ effective engagement in REDD+ processes in Philippines and Cambodia

Several governments in Asia are in the process of implementing REDD+ (Reducing Emissions through Deforestation and forest Degradation) preparatory stage. This is part of the International Agreement to reduce carbon emission under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). With the serious implications of REDD+ to millions of indigenous peoples in Asia, indigenous communities and their leaders have been engaging with government bodies to influence the development of the REDD+ policy and programs and its implementation in order to protect their rights, livelihoods and for equitable benefit-sharing. In this regard, the Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) conducted two case studies in the Philippines and Cambodia to document the ...

Indigenous Peoples’ Heroes and Martyrs in Asia [New Publication]

Asia is home to 2/3 of the world’s 370 million indigenous peoples. They share a common situation with other indigenous peoples in other parts of the world –they are part of the most marginalized and discriminated. Based on Human Development index (HDI), indigenous peoples are overrepresented among the poor,illiterate, malnourished and stunted. This is largely due to historical injustices committed to indigenous peoples especially by states, and the continuing violation of their collective rights to their lands, territories and resources, the right to self-determination including on development concerns, and to their cultural diversity and dignity as distinct peoples. In response to ...

Cordillera Heroes [New Publication]

The mountainous Cordillera region in northern Philippines is home to 1.7 million people. Majority are indigenous peoples of various ethno-linguistic groups collectively known as Igorot, while the rest of population consists of migrants from other regions of the country. The Cordillera is blessed with natural resources – pine, mossy and tropical forests, precious minerals, raging rivers, fertile river basins and steep mountains carved into rice terraces and agricultural lands. Yet its natural wealth has also been a source of conflict between the inhabitants and the State. On one hand, the people value the land as their ancestral homeland and heritage, ...

Research on the Roles and Contributions of Indigenous Women in Sustainable Forest Management in Mekong Countries

Indigenous women view forests as a common wealth of all, within which individual families may use and manage portions of the forest for their needs. All members of the community can enjoy the benefits of forest products in accordance with the customs or rules set by the community. Particular customary laws and practices are applied in managing, protecting and improving forest resources such as in the cultivation of land, identification of forest zones, and proper use and collection of forest products. Classification of forests is particularly important in designating and protecting critical areas that are off-limits to exploitation. Indigenous women ...

Indigenous Women Programme publishes HerStory!

In December 2013, AIPP’s Indigenous Women Programme published “HerStory of Empowerment, Leadership and Justice”, made possible by the generous funding from the UN Trust Fund to End Violence Against Women. ‘The indigenous women’s voices and “her stories”, as an integral part of the women’s movement and indigenous peoples’ movement, remain faint. This reflects the overall conditions of indigenous women as relatively more marginalized, discriminated against and dis-empowered at all levels. It also illustrates the urgent need to strengthen indigenous women’s organizations and institutions, as well as their leadership and effective participation, in all matters that concern them as women and ...

Survival under Threat: Human Rights Situation of Indigenous Peoples in Bangladesh

The publication of this report has come at a time when the Indigenous peoples of Bangladesh are facing increasing challenges to the enjoyment of their human rights including the continuing denial of their existence by the Government of Bangladesh. It also comes at a time when instead of advancing the implementation of the Chittagong Hill Tracts [CHT] Accord, several parties seem to be bent on railroading its substantive implementation. Violence against Indigenous women continues to plague women who are going about their daily chores and girls who are attending schools. There is increased communal violence which has reached an alarming ...

Managing forests, sustaining lives, improving livelihoods of indigenous peoples and ethnic groups in the Mekong region, Asia

Lessons learned from the Learning Route This paper presents the Learning Route, ‘Managing Forests, Sustaining Lives, Improving Livelihoods of Indigenous Peoples and Ethnic Groups in the Mekong Region’, undertaken in November 2012 by PROCASUR and AIPP with the support of IFAD. It describes the Learning Route process, outputs and outcomes, as well as lessons learned, in addition to two case studies – one in Lao PDR and the other in Thailand – of community-based forest management, communal land titles and sustainable livelihoods. The document also provides a general overview of the land tenure system and its effect on the traditional ...

(New Publication) Tilting the Balance: Indigenous Women, Development and Access to Justice

Indigenous women face severe rights violations, because they are women as well as indigenous peoples. The reporting of massive violations of the collective rights of indigneous peoples especially to their land, territories and resources, do not normally account for the violence committed against indigenous women. The very struggle of indigneous peoples to defend and assert their rights is also at the heart of indigenous women’s struggle. However, many indigenous women are not yet fully recognized and acknowledged as indispensable partners in advancing indigneous peoples’ movements. This includes women’s vital roles in promoting sustainable resource management and holistic community development. This ...

Divers Paths to Justice – Legal pluralism and the rights of indigenous peoples in Southeast Asia

The forests of Southeast Asia are home to many tens of millions of people whose rights to their lands and forests are only weakly secured in national constitutions and laws. Yet many of them have dwelt in these areas since before the nation states in which they now find themselves were even created. They regulate their daily affairs, and control and manage their lands and forests, in accordance with customary laws which are both ancient in their origins and yet vital and flexible in their present day application. International human rights treaties now affirm the rights of indigenous peoples and ...