Climate Change and Environment

Drivers of Deforestation? Facts to be considered regarding the impactof shifting cultivation in Asia

An estimated 260 million indigenous peoples live in Asia. Most of them inhabit forested uplandswhere a large number of them practice shifting cultivation, which is also called as swidden cultivationor rotational farming. For them, shifting cultivation is not merely a technique of farming; it is theirway of life. Government policies and laws have attempted to limit or outright ban shifting cultivationsince it is considered a primitive and destructive form of land use. Recently, several governments of theregion involved in REDD have identified shifting cultivation as a driver of deforestation in their REDDReadiness-Plan Idea Note (R-PIN) and Readiness Preparation Proposals (RPP).

Additional Guidance on REDD+ Safeguards Information Systems

The briefing paper on “Additional Guidance on REDD+ Safeguards Information Systems” prepared for the 36th Session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice during UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Bonn, 14-25 May 2012 looks into what was agreed in Durban, South Africa and explains why additional guidance would be useful. Further, the paper provides a proposal to inform negotiations in Doha, Qatar. The paper is produced by REDD+ Safeguards Information System Working Group – AIPP is a member of the group.

ASEAN, Climate Change, REDD+ and Indigenous Peoples

asean

Many Indigenous Peoples fear that the implementation of REDD+ may have the same impacts to them as the imposition of conservation areas such as national parks. They  are apprehensive about implementing REDD+ because such imposition has led to conflicts, physical and economic displacements, food insecurity and loss of income, and loss of biodiversity and traditional knowledge due to prohibitions of their traditional livelihoods, resettlement or eviction. On the other hand, independent studies have shown that biodiversity and forest conservation in genuine partnerships and under co-management arrangements with Indigenous Peoples have been more successful and are mutually beneficial. These partnerships are ...

REDD+ Implementation in Asia and the Concerns of Indigenous Peoples

Introduction Asia has the most number of indigenous peoples, comprising two thirds of the world’s estimated 350-400 million indigenous population. An estimated 88 to 100 million indigenous peoples are found in the 10 REDD+ countries in Asia. These countries are in partnership with the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) of the World Bank, the Forest Investment Programme (FIP) and the UN-REDD as member or observer.

Indigenous Peoples And Climate Change

UNFRCCC Intersessional Meeting, Bangkok 2009, Briefing Paper Indigenous peoples depend on natural resources for their livelihood and they often inhabit diverse but fragile ecosystems. At the same time indigenous peoples are among the world’s most marginalized, impoverished and vulnerable peoples. While having hardly contributed anything to the cause of global warming, they are among the most heavily affected. However, they have minimal access to resources to cope with the changes.

Shifting Cultivation And Climate Change

In the age of global climate change, resource use and management practices that rely on the use of fire and thus emit carbon are coming under increased pressure. This is particularly the case with shifting cultivation. Because shifting cultivation is so different from the forms of agriculture practiced in the lowlands and by the majority populations, it is one of the most misunderstood land use systems. Thus, in the name of forest conservation and development, colonial and post-colonial governments in Asia have since more than a century devised policies and laws seeking to eradicate shifting cultivation. The reasons usually given ...