Climate Change and Environment

Delivering on the Paris Promises: Combating Climate Change while Protecting Rights

Paris Agreement

The negotiations of the Paris Rule Book are critical to ensuring that the promises made in the Paris Agreement will be met – including the commitment of governments to respect, protect and take into consideration existing human rights obligations. To enhance the likelihood that the Paris Agreement is effectively implemented, when developing the Paris Rule Book, parties should fully integrate human rights and the social and environmental principles reaffirmed in the preamble, including the rights of indigenous peoples, public participation, gender equality, safeguarding food security and ending hunger, a just transition, and ecosystem integrity. As described in this briefing paper, ...

Indigenous Peoples of Asia Celebrating the Earth Day! 22 April, 2017

Asia Earth Day Celetrate cover

  “Secure Indigenous Peoples’ #landrightsnow to Combat Climate Change!” Since the time of our ancestors, indigenous peoples across the world have been the guardians of the Mother Earth. As a collective entity, indigenous peoples play vital role and has a significant contribution to the conservation and sustainability of the biodiversity and the world’s ecosystems. With an estimated number of more than 250 million, Asia remains the region with the highest number of indigenous population in the world. We, the indigenous peoples of Asia, are living in rainforests, wetlands, mountains and coastal areas and using the concept of collective land rights and natural resources management as the basis of our life cycle ...

Local Actions: Solutions to Global Challenges


Initiatives of Indigenous Peoples in Climate Changes Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction Based on Traditional Knowledge This publication encapsulates the views and perception of indigenous peoples in Asia on the impacts of climate change, their vulnerabilities and responding mitigation policy measures based on the assessment of a three-year MISEREOR funded project, titled “Building Resiliency of Indigenous Communities on Climate Change Adaptation.” This paper also conveys the vast knowledge of indigenous peoples on ecology, adaptation and disaster risk reduction and the affordable and practical measures that they have developed. Indigenous peoples’ contributions which are time-tested, sound and significant are illustrated here. ...

Traditional Knowledge of Indigenous Peoples: Why Should it be at the heart of discussion on Early Warning Systems and Agriculture?

Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) would like to provide the following recommendations to the 42nd session of the SBSTA: Recognize, protect, document and promote the rich traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples relating to disasters and weather forecasting Build the capacity of indigenous peoples to understand and use appropriate modern technology and tools relating to early warning systems Guarantee the access of indigenous peoples to appropriate disaster risk reductions tools and techniques Integrate the traditional knowledge of indigenous peoples with appropriate modern techniques, tools and innovations by taking into account the specific circumstances and conditions of indigenous peoples while developing early ...

Policy Briefing Paper on Non-Carbon Benefits (NCBs): Indigenous Peoples’ Perspectives and Recommendations


This policy paper reiterates the importance of multiple functions of forests to indigenous peoples including their social, cultural, spiritual, environmental and economic values that are integral to the territorial governance and livelihood systems of indigenous peoples. The paper recommends the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technical Advice (SBSTA) to recognize the need for specific measures and policies to be established and implemented by the Parties and their partners as fundamental and enabling conditions to secure and enhance the NCBs in REDD+. The recommendations of this paper are important for the upcoming sessions of the SBSTA in the COP20 and beyond. Click ...

Policy Briefing Paper on Safeguards Information System (SIS) in REDD+: What Should It Deliver for Indigenous Peoples?


This policy paper on SIS presents indigenous peoples’ perspectives and understandings of the Cancun Safeguards. The paper specifically highlights the types of information that SIS should contain; the mechanisms and processes to gather information; and process to validate the collected information. This paper has been prepared based on the submission made by the Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) to the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) in Sep. 24 2014. Indigenous peoples of Asia will use this policy paper as the advocacy paper in the upcoming 41st session of SBSTA in the COP20 in Peru, Lima. Click here to ...

Briefing paper on Shifting Cultivation, Livelihood and Food Security: New and Old Challenges for Indigenous Peoples in Asia


Indigenous peoples across South and Southeast Asia depend fully and partly on shifting cultivation for their livelihood and food security.  2/3 of the estimated 370 million indigenous peoples are in Asia. These peoples are also known as ethnic minorities, tribal people, hill tribes, Adivasis, Janajati and aboriginal people. Shifting cultivation or rotational/ swidden farming is more than a century old sustainable land-use practice of indigenous peoples. Shifting cultivation is probably one of the most misunderstood and thus controversial forms of land use. This is also know as rotational agriculture or swidden farming. What has been overstressed is the “ slash ...

Briefing paper on REDD+, Rights and Indigenous Peoples: Lessons from REDD+ Initiatives in Asia


The idea of including ‘reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries’ in the global climate change negotiations was first presented by the Coalition for Rainforest Nations in 2005, at the UNFCCC’s 11th Conference of the Parties in Montreal, Canada. Five years later, in 2010, REDD was part of the agreements reached at the 16th COP in Cancun Mexico. During these five years REDD has evolved considerably. While the original idea behind REDD was to pay forest owners for preventing deforestation and thus reduce carbon emissions, the Cancun Agreement broadened the scope of REDD to include both actions that prevent emissions ...

Briefing Paper: Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change Adaptation in Asia

indigenous people and climate change small

It is estimated that there are 350-400 million indigenous peoples in the world; two-thirds of them live in Asia1. However, it is difficult to give an accurate total number of the population of indigenous peoples because many are not recognized and reflected in national censuses in Asia. Indigenous peoples are some of the most impoverished, marginalized and vulnerable peoples in the world and are also the most affected by climate change impacts and its uncertainties. In general, most of the indigenous peoples inhabit marginal and fragile ecosystems, such as tropical and temperate forest zones, low-lying coastlines, high mountainous areas, flood ...

Drivers of Deforestation? Facts to be considered regarding the impactof shifting cultivation in Asia


An estimated 260 million indigenous peoples live in Asia. Most of them inhabit forested uplandswhere a large number of them practice shifting cultivation, which is also called as swidden cultivationor rotational farming. For them, shifting cultivation is not merely a technique of farming; it is theirway of life. Government policies and laws have attempted to limit or outright ban shifting cultivationsince it is considered a primitive and destructive form of land use. Recently, several governments of theregion involved in REDD have identified shifting cultivation as a driver of deforestation in their REDDReadiness-Plan Idea Note (R-PIN) and Readiness Preparation Proposals (RPP).