Lands Territories and Resources

Status of Indigenous Peoples’ lands, territories and resources in Asia

Indigenous Peoples, because of their subordination and distinctiveness from mainstream cultures and polities, have been and still are subjected to gross human rights violations, systematic racism, discrimination, and dispossession. The experiences of Indigenous Peoples in Asia are very similar to the social and political processes observed by indigenous peoples in other parts of the world. …

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INDIA: Millions of Indigenous Peoples on the verge of losing their homelands again

Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) prepared a booklet about India’s Supreme Court’s order of 13 February 2019 challenging the constitutional validity of Forest Rights Act (FRA) directed the State governments to ensure the eviction of all forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes and other traditional forest dwellers from forest lands whose claims under the Act have been …

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Indigenous Peoples’ Initiatives for Land Rights Recognition in Asia

This document is our latest publication on land rights, which was printed out and distributed during the 7th AIPP General Assembly in Chiang Mai, 27 – 29 September 2016. The publication provides examples of a range of initiatives and strategies of indigenous peoples in Asia in asserting their land rights that could serve as lessons …

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Indonesia: Case study on “Mobilization, mapping and legal action help indigenous community oppose mining activities”

In 2003, fifteen indigenous Pagu communities of North Maluku, Indonesia, started opposing the expanding gold mining activities in their territories, as these activities were causing the contamination of water sources and the ecosystem. With the support of AMAN and AIPP, the communities mapped their territories, mobilised wide support to save the ecosystem of Kao Bay, …

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Our Lifeways, Our Survival: Indigenous Peoples Rights to Lands, Territories and Resources

For indigenous peoples, lands, territories and resources are fundamental to their existence not only because those are the basis for their livelihoods but also are related to their culture, identity, traditional knowledge, customary laws and spiritual belief. This relationship has existed since time immemorial. Because of the interdependent relationship between indigenous peoples and their surround …

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Briefing Paper: Recognition of Indigenous Peoples’ Customary Land Rights in Asia

In Asia, various legal instruments have been used to recognize indigenous peoples within the legal framework of State. States have recognized indigenous peoples through constitutional provision, special laws, and court decisions and/or through ratification or adoption of international instruments. However, legal recognition by states does not always guarantee the full range and enjoyment by indigenous …

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Shifting cultivation, livelihood and food security

The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 13 September 2007. Since then, the importance of the role that indigenous peoples play in economic, social and environmental conservation through traditional sustainable agricultural practices has been gradually recognized. Consistent with the mandate to eradicate hunger, poverty …

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SHED NO MORE BLOOD: North East India Indigenous Peoples Human Rights Challenges

Indigenous peoples in Northeast India are confronted with extra constitutional regulations like the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (1958), special legal concessions for extractive industries to exploit natural resources, which are increasingly threatening indigenous communities, their lives and livelihoods, their social cohesion and community, and ultimately their identity. Such legal mechanisms and proposed plans range …

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The Impacts of Land Dispossession on Indigenous Women

This briefing paper highlights the specific conditions of indigenous women, who comprise a major segment of indigenous communities where development projects are being implemented in India, Indonesia, and Cambodia. In the midst of restiveness against corporate take-over of their lands, territories and resources, the indigenous peoples, particularly indigenous women, are grappling with the consequences of …

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The Rights of Indigenous Women to their Lands, Territories and Resources in Asia

This briefing paper by Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) highlights some of the key and common challenges faced by indigenous women in Southeast Asia in relation to their collective rights to land, territories and resources, such as a) continuing loss of lands, territories and resources due to the establishment of conservation areas, commercial exploitation, land …

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