Briefing Paper on Business and Human Rights 2020 : BHR Situation of Indigenous Peoples In Asia
The Indigenous Peoples of Asia are high up in the list of targets and victims of human rights violations. Killings, enforced disappearances, arbitrary arrest and detention, intimidation, persecution and violence against Indigenous Peoples, Indigenous women and human rights defenders are increasing, even during this COVID-19 pandemic period. This trend of Indigenous Peoples rights violations is expected to worsen as the government continues to centralize and consolidate its powers and pursues its neoliberal economic development program.
This briefing paper is prepared on the eve of the ninth annual UN Forum on Business and Human Rights (BHR), is organized virtually, from 16 to 18 November 2020, taking into account the extraordinary circumstances relating to the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on global travel with the theme on Preventing adverse impacts to build a sustainable future. This paper briefly discusses the situation of Business and Human Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Asia focusing on some countries i.e. Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Indonesia, Cambodia, Myanmar and the Philippines. As per an informal trend analysis of human rights violations of Indigenous Peoples reported in the IPHRDs Network of AIPP, business activities in the order of mining, agribusiness, energy projects, real estate, tourism, etc. cause the most violations of land and resource rights and/or against indigenous human rights defenders. Environmental “conservation” undertaking such as national parks and false climate change solutions, and infrastructure development such as mega-dams are other contributors for rights abuses. Those activities are usually accompanied by militarization or heavy use of security forces to tackle opposition, which results in more violations.
AIPP has been observing the situation and the trend of human rights violations of IPs in Asia from March-October 2020. In this paper, AIPP provides some of the trends on the issue of business and human rights in Asia and is based on information compiled by AIPP i.e. both secondary sources and communication from the ground.
This paper has come out with some recommendations to the Working group on Business and Human Rights, all member states and Companies and investors that may affect to bring a positive change if the target stakeholders can consider to following up.