Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP)’s Handbook: Extractive Industries and Free, Prior and Informed Consent of Indigenous
The first part of the Handbook gives an overview of extractive industries and mining in Southeast Asia. It reviews national legal frameworks in relation to mining and indigenous peoples, particularly in Cambodia, Philippines and Indonesia. The three countries were selected as the focus of this handbook because of the significant contribution of mining to the national economy in Indonesia, the immense impacts of mining on indigenous communities in the Philippines, and the potential growth of mining as a major economic sector in Cambodia.
The second part presents the mining cycle and the actual and potential impacts of mining — social, environmental and economic — at each stage. It identifies the legal requirements for companies to conduct mining and the various stakeholders — government agencies, companies, civil society and mining industry bodies — involved at each stage.
The third part discusses what is FPIC from the perspective of indigenous peoples, and as provided in national and international legal instruments on FPIC. It goes through the different steps to be taken to ensure a culturally appropriate FPIC process. It gives practical guidelines for communities in exercising FPIC in relation to extractive industries. Challenges faced by indigenous peoples and possible avenues and international mechanisms for engagement by affected indigenous peoples are also identified.