AIPP Sharing and Recommendations to National Human Rights Institutions

Sub-regional consultation on “The operationalization of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples by national human rights institutions”

Organized by OHCHR and the NZHRC

30 November – 3 December 2010

Auckland Mercure Hotel, New Zealand

AIPP Sharing and Recommendations:

Introduction

The Asia region has the most number of indigenous peoples of approximately 200 million of the total estimated 370 million global populations of indigenous peoples. The illustration in the table is the based on available information of the estimated populations from a selection of Asian countries.

Issues and challenges:

The human rights situation of indigenous peoples in many countries is far from good. Most of the Asian countries have not recognized indigenous peoples into the national constitution, policy and program of action. The indigenous peoples rights activists, defenders, indigenous peoples organizations are always in target and subject to various human rights violations such as illegal arrest, detention, extra-judicial killing, torture, harassment and intimidation, threats life and properties. The major challenges for indigenous peoples in Asia are the violations to their individual and collective rights and fundamental freedoms, lack of full and effective participation and engagement of indigenous peoples organization in national program and policy, less access of the participation in political decision, and the economic and socio-cultural discrimination and marginalization of indigenous peoples, making them the poorest of the poor in almost all the countries in Asia. The continuing denial of their collective rights on land and resources, self-governance, cultural integrity and heritage is resulting to the further in-equality, marginalization and oppression of indigenous peoples.

Establishment of the IP Human Rights Defender Network:

This network was established last July 30, 2010 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia with the general objective to provide a platform for solidarity, coordination and support among indigenous human rights defenders and their organizations. This network was established to address the growing need of a common platform for indigenous human rights defenders to be able to promote the human rights issues of their respective countries more effectively with other indigenous human rights organizations and with regional and international human rights mechanisms and procedures.

As part of it human rights and the capacity building programme, AIPP has develop its human rights documentation and advocacy training materials to build and strengthen the capacities of indigenous human rights defenders on the ground, and strengthen the network of the IP human rights defenders in Asia.

Recommendations to the NHRIs:

1. To Establish a mechanism for regular consultations and collaboration with Indigenous Peoples organizations relating to the promotion and protection of the human rights of indigenous peoples

2. To act immediately and effectively on human rights violation cases concerning indigenous peoples

3. To designate of a focal person within the NHRIs for Indigenous Peoples issues and concerns on human rights;

4. To establish a hotline/ emergency communication for IP Human Rights Defenders especially in human rights hot spot areas including areas of conflicts

5. To conduct awareness raising program and activity on the UNDRIP through the inclusion of the

UNDRIP in training manual and education curriculum for the NHRI staffs and other concern agency; and in their information and education materials for the public

6. To disaggregate cases and data relating to indigenous peoples and actions taken including recommendations made to government agencies and bodies.

7. To include a particular chapter on indigenous peoples in the general human rights report being prepared/published by NHRI’s

8. To work closely with the AICHR member at the country level and at the ASEAN level for the inclusion of indigenous peoples concerns in the work of the AICHR.

9. To monitor and follow up on the recommendations of UN human rights bodies such as the treaty monitoring body, special procedures, UPR and ILO supervisory body to their respective government/state

10. To participate to the working session of the UNPFII, EMRIP and collaborate other Special Procedure mandate holders such as the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples;

11. To collaborate relevant UN agencies that dealing with Indigenous Peoples/ Ethnic Minorities on human rights concern particularly with the OHCHR, ILO as well as other IPs concern agency;

The Asia Indigenous Peoples pact (AIPP) is committed to collaborate and cooperate with the National Human Rights Institutions for the promotion and protection of indigenous peoples human rights and fundamental freedoms at the national, regional and international level.

Download the full document here.

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