Climate Change and Environment

Regional Report of the Partnership between Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact and the UN-REDD Programme

Thirteen countries in Asia are preparing to get ready for REDD+. While these countries are moving ahead with REDD+ preparation, the awareness raising and capacity building of rights holders and their organizations for policy advocacy is very important. In this context, the Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP), with the support of the UN-REDD Programme, joined hands with its local organizations to promote closer collaboration and cooperation amongst indigenous peoples, and with the UN-REDD Programme and government agencies implementing REDD+ in Bangladesh, Myanmar and Vietnam. Through partnerships with the Promotion of Indigenous and Nature Together (POINT) in Myanmar, the Center for ...

Asia Report on Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples for COP21

This report is a summary of national reports of indigenous peoples from 12 countries in Asia and the results of the regional preparatory meeting of Asia indigenous peoples for the 21st session of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of Parties (COP21). This regional preparatory meeting which was organised by Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) on September 16-18 2015 in Chiang Mai, Thailand was participated by 30 selected indigenous peoples’ representatives coming from Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Thailand, Lao PDR, Taiwan/China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, the Philippines and Vietnam including representatives of regional networks of indigenous women, indigenous ...

Recognition of Indigenous Peoples’ Customary Land Rights in Asia

In Asia, various legal instruments have been used to recognize indigenous peoples within the legal framework of State. States have recognized indigenous peoples through constitutional provision, special laws, and court decisions and/or through ratification or adoption of international instruments. However, legal recognition by states does not always guarantee the full range and enjoyment by indigenous peoples of their individual and collective rights as provided in international instruments such as the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous peoples in Asia have developed their particular customary land use and tenure systems through time, which have existed since time immemorial ...

Shifting cultivation, livelihood and food security: New and old challenges for indigenous peoples in Asia

The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 13 September 2007. Since then, the importance of the role that indigenous peoples play in economic, social and environmental conservation through traditional sustainable agricultural practices has been gradually recognized. Consistent with the mandate to eradicate hunger, poverty and malnutrition – and based on the due respect for universal human rights – in August 2010 the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations adopted a policy on indigenous and tribal peoples in order to ensure the relevance of its efforts to respect, ...

Research on the Roles and Contributions of Indigenous Women in Sustainable Resource Management in Asia: Case Studies from India, Nepal and Vietnam

Across the different case studies, common and general recommendations in relation to the roles and contributions of indigenous women in sustainable forest management can be drawn. Moreover, the research has identified case-specific recommendations for each country. –It is vital to raise awareness that indigenous peoples’ lives depend on their right to land and access to forests, and that their livelihood practices are environmentally sound and sustainable. In particular, the traditional knowledge and the essential roles of indigenous women in sustainable resource management processes, the maintenance and promotion of biodiversity as well as in the transmission of knowledge and culture need ...

Indigenous Peoples’ effective engagement in REDD+ processes in Philippines and Cambodia

Several governments in Asia are in the process of implementing REDD+ (Reducing Emissions through Deforestation and forest Degradation) preparatory stage. This is part of the International Agreement to reduce carbon emission under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). With the serious implications of REDD+ to millions of indigenous peoples in Asia, indigenous communities and their leaders have been engaging with government bodies to influence the development of the REDD+ policy and programs and its implementation in order to protect their rights, livelihoods and for equitable benefit-sharing. In this regard, the Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) conducted two case studies in the Philippines and Cambodia to document the ...

Research on the Roles and Contributions of Indigenous Women in Sustainable Forest Management in Mekong Countries

Indigenous women view forests as a common wealth of all, within which individual families may use and manage portions of the forest for their needs. All members of the community can enjoy the benefits of forest products in accordance with the customs or rules set by the community. Particular customary laws and practices are applied in managing, protecting and improving forest resources such as in the cultivation of land, identification of forest zones, and proper use and collection of forest products. Classification of forests is particularly important in designating and protecting critical areas that are off-limits to exploitation. Indigenous women ...

Managing forests, sustaining lives, improving livelihoods of indigenous peoples and ethnic groups in the Mekong region, Asia

Lessons learned from the Learning Route This paper presents the Learning Route, ‘Managing Forests, Sustaining Lives, Improving Livelihoods of Indigenous Peoples and Ethnic Groups in the Mekong Region’, undertaken in November 2012 by PROCASUR and AIPP with the support of IFAD. It describes the Learning Route process, outputs and outcomes, as well as lessons learned, in addition to two case studies – one in Lao PDR and the other in Thailand – of community-based forest management, communal land titles and sustainable livelihoods. The document also provides a general overview of the land tenure system and its effect on the traditional ...

Customary Law in Forest Resources Use and Management – A Case Study among the Dzao and Thai People in North-West Vietnam

Vietnam is home to 53 ethnic minority groups who mostly live in the forested uplands. Numbering over twelve million people, they highly depend on forests for their livelihood and development. But the pressures on these forests are ever increasing, posing a serious threat to the lives and stability of millions of people. Since the early 1990s, Vietnam has attempted to address deforestation by decentralizing forest management. Under the forest land allocation programme long-term use rights over forest land are provided to individual households and communities. However, while the programme has been successful in improving forest conservation, the benefits of the ...

Customary Law in Forest Resources Use and Management – A Case Study among the Dzao and Thai People in North-West Vietnam

Vietnam is home to 53 ethnic minority groups who mostly live in the forested uplands. Numbering over twelve million people, they highly depend on forests for their livelihood and development. But the pressures on these forests are ever increasing, posing a serious threat to the lives and stability of millions of people. Since the early 1990s, Vietnam has attempted to address deforestation by decentralizing forest management. Under the forest land allocation programme long-term use rights over forest land are provided to individual households and communities. However, while the programme has been successful in improving forest conservation, the benefits of the ...