Human Rights

Indigenous Peoples’ Initiatives for Land Rights Recognition in Asia


This document is our latest publication on land rights, which was printed out and distributed during the 7th AIPP General Assembly in Chiang Mai, 27 – 29 September 2016. The publication provides examples of a range of initiatives and strategies of indigenous peoples in Asia in asserting their land rights that could serve as lessons for other indigenous groups and communities around the world to learn from. One of the initiatives is the activities to support the Global Call to Action on Indigenous and Community Land Rights or also known as the #landrightsnow campaign. The study covers six Asian countries ...

Indigenous Peoples and National Human Rights Institutions in Asia: Good Practices and Challenges

This publication is a compilation of studies on the National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) of Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, the Philippines and Thailand. It aims to assist indigenous peoples’ communities, organisations and advocates in establishing a better understanding of how these specific NHRIs operate and to seek opportunities for the integration of indigenous peoples’ rights in the work of these NHRIs. Click Here to download 

Business and Human Rights: Indigenous Peoples’ Experiences with Access to Remedy


This book represents an important step towards addressing the issues and challenges which have been observed by the Working Group (UN Working Group on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises) in relation to access to remedy at this nexus between the role of the State, the responsibility of corporations and the situation to remedy under the Working Group’s mandate, and the fundamental importance to indigenous peoples of redress for corporate related impacts on their rights. A solid and effective access to remedy pillar is of fundamental importance to the success of the Guiding Principles. Without ...

Threatened Lands, Threatened Lives


Human Rights Situation of the Indigenous Peoples in Cambodia This report on the human rights situation of indigenous peoples of Cambodia was prepared mainly from the contributions of indigenous peoples human rights defenders (IPHRDs) and NGOs in the country. This is an update to the AIPP publication Indigenous Peoples Human Rights Report in Asia – Cambodia, Thailand and Nepal: Towards Social Justice and Sustainable Peace published in 2006. IPHRDs from the Indigenous Rights Active Members (IRAM) and the Cambodia Indigenous Youth Association (CIYA), through the coordination of the Indigenous Community Support Organisation (ICSO), prepared the first draft of this report ...

No Rights, No Justice: Experiences of Indigenous Peoples affected by Corporate Activities


Indigenous peoples’ lands, territories and resources in Asia are alarmingly and increasingly exploited and expropriated by Asian Governments and sold or provided to multi-national and transnational companies involved in the aggressive pursuit of neoliberal globalization. Mining, hydropower dams, large scale plantations, oil exploration, geothermal projects, economic land concessions, special economic zones and economic transformation programs are among the many projects being imposed on indigenous peoples’ territories.This paper presents the initial findings of the case studies on the impacts of extractive industry projects in six countries in Asia namely Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Malaysia, Nepal and the Philippines. The data presented herein are primarily ...

Indigenous Peoples’ Heroes and Martyrs in Asia [New Publication]


Asia is home to 2/3 of the world’s 370 million indigenous peoples. They share a common situation with other indigenous peoples in other parts of the world –they are part of the most marginalized and discriminated. Based on Human Development index (HDI), indigenous peoples are overrepresented among the poor,illiterate, malnourished and stunted. This is largely due to historical injustices committed to indigenous peoples especially by states, and the continuing violation of their collective rights to their lands, territories and resources, the right to self-determination including on development concerns, and to their cultural diversity and dignity as distinct peoples. In response to ...

Cordillera Heroes [New Publication]


The mountainous Cordillera region in northern Philippines is home to 1.7 million people. Majority are indigenous peoples of various ethno-linguistic groups collectively known as Igorot, while the rest of population consists of migrants from other regions of the country. The Cordillera is blessed with natural resources – pine, mossy and tropical forests, precious minerals, raging rivers, fertile river basins and steep mountains carved into rice terraces and agricultural lands. Yet its natural wealth has also been a source of conflict between the inhabitants and the State. On one hand, the people value the land as their ancestral homeland and heritage, ...

(New Publication) Tilting the Balance: Indigenous Women, Development and Access to Justice


Indigenous women face severe rights violations, because they are women as well as indigenous peoples. The reporting of massive violations of the collective rights of indigneous peoples especially to their land, territories and resources, do not normally account for the violence committed against indigenous women. The very struggle of indigneous peoples to defend and assert their rights is also at the heart of indigenous women’s struggle. However, many indigenous women are not yet fully recognized and acknowledged as indispensable partners in advancing indigneous peoples’ movements. This includes women’s vital roles in promoting sustainable resource management and holistic community development. This ...

Indigenous Peoples and Corporate Accountability in the ASEAN

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Indigenous peoples in Southeast Asia live in areas rich in natural resources. These areas have become targets of resource extraction and development projects by multinational companies. Indigenous communities are confronted with the adverse impacts of mining, logging, large-scale plantations and infrastructure programs. These projects are generally implemented without the consultation and consent of affected communities. Massive displacement of indigenous peoples, the loss of their livelihood and the denigration on of their culture and identity are just some of the adverse effects of these projects. Due to the increasing and expanding operations of multinational corporations in indigenous peoples’ territories, the Asia ...

Hydropower Development and Right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) of Indigenous Peoples – Case Studies from Nepal and Northeast India


AIPP, with local partner organizations, conducted studies on Mapithel (Thoubal Multipurpose) Dam Project in Manipur, Northeast India and Likhu-4 Hydropower Project in Nepal in 2008 and 2010 respectively in order to examine the impacts of these projects on local indigenous peoples. Reports of the two case studies describe religious and socio-cultural, economic, linguistic and ecological aspects of the effects from the projects on local Tangkhul and Koits indigenous communities, mainly in relation to their right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent. Click here to read the full report of Nepal case study. Click here to read the full report of ...